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Explained: Russian S-400 air defense missile system. Why isn’t the United States happy with India’s purchase of S-400 ?, World News

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India is likely to introduce the first batch of sophisticated Russian S-400 missile defense systems by the end of this year – air defense technology considered one of the best. It is able to track down and neutralize threats to strengthen the air defense capabilities of the armed forces.

Indian Air Force Chief Air Chief Marshal Vivek Ram Chaudhari on October 5, 2021, said the delivery was on schedule. His comments were made during the usual press conference ahead of Indian Air Force Day on October 08.

What is the S-400 Missile Defense System?

The S-400 Triumph (NATO name) is a complex air defense missile system, consisting of radars, control systems and different types of missiles. It was developed in the 1990s by the Almaz Central Design Office in Russia as an upgrade to the S-300 series of surface-to-air missile systems. He has been in service with the Russian Armed Forces since 2007.

The S-400 air defense system is equipped with targeting systems, multi-function radar, autonomous detection, anti-aircraft missile systems, launchers and a command and control center.

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It is capable of engaging aerial targets, including airplanes, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), ballistic and cruise missiles, within a radius of 400 km at an altitude of up to 30 km and can fire three types of missiles to create a layered defense.

The system would be able to engage 36 targets simultaneously and if we compare the S-400 to the S-300, the improved and advanced version has four different new types of missiles, from short range (40 km) to very long range. (400 km).

The command post, which is equipped with LCD consoles that process airspace surveillance data, controls and monitors long-range surveillance radar. It tracks air threats and also prioritizes threats.

The radar can detect and track planes, rotorcraft, cruise missiles, guided missiles, drones and ballistic rockets over a distance of 600 km according to reports.

The system has been specially designed to detect and destroy highly advanced combat aircraft such as the F-16 and F-22 and missiles such as the Tomahawk.

Why is the United States unhappy with New Delhi’s purchase of the Russian weapons system?

To improve its defense system, India signed in October 2018 a $ 5 billion agreement with Russia for the purchase of five units of the S-400 air defense missile systems. Despite fears that the purchase could lead to sanctions under America’s Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA), India has provided the first installment of around $ 800 million to Russia in 2019. India had received a warning from the Trump administration that India could face the United States. penalties if he goes ahead with the contract.

Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act or CAATSA is a strict US law that allows the administration to impose sanctions on countries that purchase major defense equipment from Russia in response to Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014 and to his alleged interference in the 2016 US presidential elections.

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However, on October 5, 2021, India said discussions were underway with the United States over the S-400 missile defense agreement, a day after U.S. Under Secretary of State Wendy Sherman expressed his discomfort with the planned purchase of the Russian weapons system.

“This has been the subject of discussions between our two countries for some time. It has been raised and we have discussed it and explained our point of view. And discussions about it are ongoing,” said Arindam Bagchi, porte -speak of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Sherman, during a three-day visit to India, said any decision on possible sanctions on the S-400 deal will be made by President Joe Biden and Secretary of State Antony Blinken.

Washington has previously said the S-400s pose a threat to its F-35 fighter jets and NATO’s larger defense systems. Like when Turkey received the first deliveries of S-400 surface-to-air systems from Russia in July 2019, this prompted the United States to begin removing the NATO ally from its F- stealth fighter program. 35 for security reasons.

However, India is confident that it can get a waiver given the crucial strategic partnership with the United States.

(With contributions from agencies)


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