October 1 (Reuters) – Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan this week signaled potential new cooperation with Russia on defense industry projects, including fighter jets and submarines, even as the United States United have warned they could respond with more sanctions. Read more
Turkey received the first deliveries of the S-400 surface-to-air systems in July 2019, prompting Washington to begin removing the NATO ally from its F-35 stealth fighter program for security reasons.
The following timeline presents the main developments of the program and Ankara’s relationship with the United States.
December 29, 2017 – Turkey and Russia sign an agreement on deliveries of Russian surface-to-air missile batteries S-400, valued at around $ 2.5 billion.
June 19, 2018 – A U.S. Senate committee passes spending bill that includes a provision to block Turkey’s purchase of Lockheed Martin F-35 fighter jets unless it abandons the bill. purchase of the S-400.
March 28, 2019 – U.S. Senators introduce a bipartisan bill to ban the transfer of F-35s to Turkey unless the U.S. administration certifies that Ankara will not take delivery of the S-400s.
June 7, 2019 – The United States decides to no longer accept additional Turkish pilots to train on F-35 fighter jets.
July 17, 2019 – US Announces Removing Turkey From F-35 Program; Ellen Lord, Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, said Turkey would no longer receive more than $ 9 billion in planned work.
July 25, 2019 – Russia completes the first shipment of its S-400 systems to Turkey, according to Turkish military officials.
September 15, 2019 – The Turkish Defense Ministry confirms the delivery of a second S-400 battery.
November 12, 2020 – Turkish Defense Minister Hulusi Akar has said Turkey is ready to discuss US concerns about the technical compatibility of Russian S-400 defense systems and state-made F-35 jets United, renewing Ankara’s call for a joint task force with Washington on the issue.
March 24, 2021 – US Secretary of State Antony Blinken, in a meeting with Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu, urges Ankara to abandon the S-400 system. At the same meeting, Cavusoglu told his US counterpart that his purchase was “a done deal”. Read more
July 21, 2021 – US President Joe Biden has pledged to uphold the sanctions against Turkey under America’s Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) for the purchase of missile defenses Russia and impose new sanctions if Ankara bought other major weapons systems from Moscow, according to a senior US diplomat. Read more
August 23, 2021 – New agency Interfax reports that the head of the Russian arms exporter has said that Russia and Turkey are close to signing a new contract to supply Ankara with more S-400s in the near future . Read more
September 26, 2021 – Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan said Turkey still intends to purchase a second batch of missile defense systems from Russia. Read more
September 30, 2021 – Turkey is considering other joint defense industry programs with Russia, including fighter jets and submarines, President Erdogan said after talks with President Vladimir Putin. Erdogan did not mention further S-400 purchases or US sanctions, but said “Turkey would not back down”. Read more
Compiled by Oben Mumcuoglu and Berna Syuleymanoglu in Gdansk; Editing by Tomasz Janowski and Daren Butler
Our Standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.