With a focus on climate change preparedness, the Department of Science and Technology has established two Centers of Excellence in Carbon Capture and Utilization in Mumbai and Bangalore to create a roadmap and be the spearheads innovations in the field.
With high carbon dioxide emissions leading to global warming and climate change, scientists have worked to create processes and technologies that can efficiently store and reuse the carbon emitted by industries. Although there are technologies to capture the CO2 emitted by industries, they remain expensive and economically unviable.
The Center of Excellence at the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay will focus on industry-driven innovations and processes and increase the readiness of carbon capture and utilization technologies. In addition to capture, the center has also been tasked with working on processes for converting captured carbon dioxide into chemicals, recovering individual hydrocarbons, compressing and transporting to increase the value of captured CO2.
The IIT Bombay Center will develop and demonstrate efficient CO2 capture from flue gases representative of power plant effluents and biogas, according to a ministry statement.
The other center at the Jawaharlal Nehru Center for Advanced Scientific Research in Bengaluru will work on the development of materials and processes for carbon capture and utilization. The center has been tasked with developing processes that can be piloted and scaled up to produce hydrocarbons, olefins (hydrocarbons that serve as the building blocks for many products such as plastics and adhesives) and other value-added chemicals and fuels.
“It will also strive to achieve a level of technology readiness commensurate with industry-level business requirements. The center will promote CCU research, provide training and advice, and translate its research excellence into solutions with global economic and social impact,” the statement added.
The centers will also monitor international trends and propose possible collaborations.