India will likely reiterate its pledge to reduce greenhouse gas emissions quickly at the United Nations climate conference in Glasgow from October 31 to November 12, but could also insist that rich countries take action. stronger measures to reduce emissions so that developing countries like India have room to grow.
India has said it will install 450 GW of renewable energy by 2030 and has announced internally that 30% of all private vehicles will run on electricity by that year. These could be reflected, among other measures, in an updated nationally determined contribution, Environment Ministry officials said at a press conference on Friday.
Expectations for concrete action are high as this year’s climate summit approaches, as it could be the last change for the world to keep global warming below 1.5 degrees Celsius below l pre-industrial era, as agreed at the 2015 Paris Accord, without compromising on the growth of developing economies.
India could even accept net zero emissions after 2050. Net zero refers to the balance between the amount of greenhouse gases produced and the amount removed from the atmosphere. This implies reductions in the use of coal, oil and gas, and a corresponding increase in carbon sequestration efforts, such as tree planting.
“Net zero for a later date is on the optional board,” an Environment Department official said. However, the developed world is expected to go net zero much sooner, say by 2030, leaving some carbon room for emerging economies like India, he said. “The decision will be taken at the highest level of government, as it involves India’s growth trajectory,” the official said on condition of anonymity.
India could decide on its final negotiating strategy on Wednesday at a meeting of the Union’s cabinet.
According to the United Nations, up to 130 countries have set or are considering a goal of net zero emissions by mid-century. A net zero commitment by 2060 is under discussion in India, said the Energy and Climate Intelligence Unit, a London-based nonprofit.
Many western countries such as France, UK and Denmark, among others, will have net zero emissions by 2050. Russia and China have also announced plans to be carbon neutral by 2060 Saudi Arabia, the world’s largest oil exporter, will hit zero. – net emissions by 2060, he said on Saturday.
Indian climate negotiators held meetings with relevant ministries and, on October 6, held consultations with non-governmental organizations working in the area of climate change. Many of these institutions have asked Environment Minister Bhupender Yadav that India should negotiate on the use of the remaining carbon budget.
Carbon space and its budgeting will be of the utmost importance to India, they said in their bids reviewed by HT.
According to economist Nitin Desai, chairman of the board of the Energy and Resources Institute, a New Delhi-based think tank, large emitters promising net zero emissions by 2050 or 2060 only make sense if the path to get there is clear.
India should call on the developed world to become carbon negative or at least carbon neutral by 2030, Desai said. It is necessary to highlight the carbon budget that the world has to achieve the 1.5 degree Celsius target, he said.
India could consider inventing the concept of a carbon tax on historic emissions from developed countries, according to Kirit Parikh, president of Integrated Research and Action for Development, a research foundation. He believes India should call on developed countries to adopt shorter timeframes to become carbon neutral and stress the importance of the carbon space that remains available to the global community.
By 2030, the United States would have appropriated about 17.7% of the total global carbon budget, according to an analysis published in Climate Change: Science and Politics, a book published by the Center for Science and Environment, an advocacy organization. Rights. China’s emissions will be between 29.5% of global emissions between 2012 and 2030, compared to 6.5% for India, the analysis found.
“In this way, by 2030, over 80% to 100% of the available carbon budget will be occupied with almost no room for India and African countries… Therefore, India and other developing countries must claim the remaining carbon space, ”the statement said. analysis showed.
The remaining carbon space is of the utmost importance and should be highlighted by India at the climate summit, said climatologist T Jayaraman, a senior researcher at the MS Swaminathan Research Foundation in Chennai, which was also a part of it. consultations.
“India may consider supporting a global net zero by 2050, which is achieved in accordance with the principles of the UNFCCC, in particular common but differentiated responsibilities and fairness,” said Manjeev Singh Puri, former ambassador and negotiator principal on climate change for India. “A timeframe for a peak and then a trajectory for reducing emissions is a longer-term problem for India, given its development imperatives.”